Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport
Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport is located in the western part of Shanghai, China. While the airport handles a large amount of domestic traffic, Shanghai Pudong International Airport is responsible for the majority of the international traffic in and out of the city. More than 30 million passengers travel through the airport every year due to sustained growth in the double digits through the last decade. These impressive numbers make Shanghai Hongqiao International a top ranked facility for Chinese domestic flights. Since the majority of traffic is domestic, the airport is primarily catered to the Chinese population.
History of Hongqiao International Airport
The history of Shanghai Hongqiao Airport dates back to 1907, when a small airfield was constructed for military use. The facility was upgraded to an airport in 1923 to accommodate civilian aircraft; it was then given the name Hongqiao Airport. The Japanese used the airport as a military airfield during the occupation of Shanghai during the Second Sino-Japanese War. It continued to be used as a military base while different political groups gained power through the 1950s and 1960s. Eventually the facility was rebuilt for civilian use, and it became the largest and busiest airport in Shanghai. That changed in 1999 when construction of Shanghai Pudong International Airport was complete. A large portion of the airport’s international traffic moved to the new facilities.
A major renovation of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport took place in 2010. The construction included a brand new terminal and 11,000 foot runway running parallel to the existing runway. These new additions allow the airport to support more than 40 million passengers per year. The new terminal two has more than 40 gates; it handles a large majority of the airport’s domestic flights. The limited number of international flights at the airport continue to operate out of terminal one. During reconstruction, city authorities created attractive landscaping along the borders of the airport to please new arrivals.
Shanghai Hangqaio International Airport’s terminals contain many high-tech amenities you can find at other modern airports. For business travelers, both terminal one and two have business centers that offer copying, faxing, Internet service and long-distance telephone calls. The elderly and passengers with disabilities are encouraged to use the airport’s battery-powered vehicles for easy movement throughout terminal two. Luggage services are available for passengers on long layovers, or for passengers with disabilities who need help handling their bags. Future plans for a Maglev train between Shanghai-Hangqiao and Shanghai-Pudong are in the works. When finished, this train will allow passengers to connect between Shanghai’s two major airports quickly and easily.
Passengers arriving and departing from Shanghai Hongqiao have numerous ground transportation options to get to locations throughout the metro area. More than ten different bus routes run from terminal one and two during the day and night. In the basement level of each terminal building, passengers can access Shanghai’s extensive subway network. The trains can take travelers nearly anywhere in the city, including Yuyuan Garden, People’s Square, and Pudong Airport. Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport also has extensive parking facilities for China’s growing driving population.