Malpensa International Airport
Malpensa International Airport is the biggest airport in Milan, Italy. It is located about 25 miles north of the city center of Milan and it is officially located in the Province of Varese. It is owned and operated by SEA (Societa per Azioni Esercizi Aeroportuali). The airport is easily accessible via the Milano-Varese motorway. The airport has 2 runways, 17L-35R, and 17R-35L, which are both 12,844 feet long and 768 feet wide.
There are two terminals at Malpensa International Airport and they are fairly far apart from one another. Terminal one covers 262,300 square meters and it is split into three parts: sector 1A manages domestic flights and flights to the Schengen area, 1B maintains all international flights and those to areas not within the Schengen region, and presently, 1C is under construction. The terminal houses 256 areas for check-in, 65 gates, and 20 satellites and airbridges. A railway station is also located in Terminal one. On an annual basis, Terminal 1 has the ability to accommodate 22 million people arriving and departing from the airport. Terminal 2 covers an area of 55,000 square meters and is used by discounted airlines. The terminal has nearly 60 check-in areas, 28 gates, and 1 satellite. Up to six million passengers a year can travel through the terminal. The two terminals are situated 808 meters away from each other and a shuttle service is available for transportation between both terminals and shuttles operate less than every ten minutes.
Malpensa International Airport also features a dedicated cargo terminal, called “Cargo City,” and it is able to handle up to 550,000 tons of freight. The facility includes 20 cargo carriers and 50,000 square meters of warehouse space. “Cargo City” handled more than 440,000 tons of cargo in 2011, which is over 50 percent of the overall cargo handled by Italy airports.
Each terminal at Malpensa International Airport has its own parking. Terminal 1 has a multi-level parking garage as well as three open-air parking lots close-by. The parking garage is located closest to the terminal. There is a designated parking area for long-term parking. Terminal 2 has its own parking lot with about 3,000 spaces. Both terminals offer valet parking services. Malpensa International Airport is the 21st busiest airport in Europe, with an average of about 19 million passengers in 2011.
History of Malpensa Airport
Malpensa International Airport opened in 1909 by Gianni Caproni and Giovanni Agusta to test their prototypes. During World War I, the airport was used as a flying school. It became a German airfield in 1943. In 1948, the airport was used for civil operations to serve Milan and its nearby area. Shortly after it became a civil airport, a control tower was constructed as well as runway lights and installation of radar equipment. In 1967, the airport went under expansion to accommodate passengers. In the 1990s, the airport underwent another enlargement to handle the growth of business passengers. The departure terminal was extended. To create new areas for trade activities, the roofing of the terrace was also expanded. In 2009, SEA announced its plan to expand the airport to increase the amount of passengers. The plan includes the construction of a third satellite in Terminal 1, extension of the “Cargo City,” and building of a third runway and new terminal.