Fountain in Bucharest, RomaniaArea
238,391 sq km (92,043 sq miles).

Population
19,042,936 (2012).

Capital
Bucharest. Population: 1,678,000 (2012).

Geography
Romania is bordered to the north and east by Moldova and Ukraine, the southeast by the Black Sea, the south by Bulgaria, the southwest by Serbia and in the west by Hungary. The country is divided into four geographical areas.

Government
Democratic Republic since 1991. Head of State: President Traian Basescu. Prime Minister: Victor Ponta.

Language
Romanian is the official language. Some Hungarian and German are spoken in border areas, while mainly French and some English are spoken by those connected with the tourist industry.

Religion
83% Romanian Orthodox, with Roman Catholic, Reformed/Lutheran, Unitarian, Muslim and Jewish minorities.

Electricity
220 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs are of thes 2-pin type.

Telephone
IDD is available. Country code: 40. Outgoing international code: 00. Public telephones are widely available and can be used for direct international calls. Hotels often impose a high service charge for long-distance calls, but usually do not charge for local calls.

Fax
Facilities are available at most large hotels.

Mobile telephone
GSM 900/1800 networks. Network operators include Orange, Cosmote, Vodafone

Internet/E-mail
At the moment there is a big number of Internet providers in Bucuresti and the whole country. Most of the cafes, restaurants as well as public parks offer free Wi-Fi hot spots.

Telegram
Facilities at post offices and a night telegram service (2000-0700) are available in Bucharest. Telegrams are an inexpensive and efficient form of international communication from Romania.

Post
Airmail to Western Europe takes one week. Post offices are open daily, including Saturday mornings.

Press
English newspapers and publications include Nine O’Clock, Romanian Business Journal and Romanian Economic Daily. There are a great number of daily and weekly newspapers published in Romanian, Hungarian and German.