A bridge in LuxembourgArea:
2586 sq km (999 sq miles).

Population:
537,853 (2013).

Capital:
Luxembourg-Ville. Population: 94,034 (2011).

Geography:
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg shares borders to the north and west with Belgium, to the south with France and to the east with Germany. One-third of the country is made up of the hills and forests of the Ardennes, while the rest is wooded farmland. In the southeast is the rich wine-growing valley of Moselle. The capital, Luxembourg-Ville, is built on a rock overlooking the Alzette and Petrusse valleys.

Government:
Constitutional monarchy. Luxembourg is a founding member of the European Union and the only Grand Duchy in the world. Head of State: Grand Duke Henri since 2000. Head of Government: Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker since 1995.

Language:
Lëtzeburgesch, a German-Moselle-Frankish dialect, became the officially recognised national language in 1984. French and German are generally used for administrative and commercial purposes. Many Luxembourgers also speak English.

Religion:
91 per cent Roman Catholic, with Protestant, Anglican and Jewish minorities.

Electricity:
220 volts AC, 50Hz.

Telephone:
Full IDD is available. Country code: 352 (no area codes). Outgoing international code: 00. International phones have a yellow sign showing a telephone dial with a receiver in the centre.

Mobile telephone:
GSM 900 and 1800 networks. Network operators include Tango S.A (website: www.tango.lu) and P & T Luxembourg (website: www.luxgsm.lu).

Internet:
Internet and e-mail services are available in cybercafés. ISPs include Visual Online Sarl (website: www.vo.lu).

Telegram:
There are facilities at the post office at 25 rue Aldringen, Luxembourg-Ville, and in all major towns. Hotels often allow guests to use their facilities.

Post:
Post to other European destinations takes two to four days. There are poste restante facilities throughout the country. Prospective recipients must first register for a PO Box. Mail will be held for up to one month. Post office hours are generally Mon-Fri 0800-1200 and 1330-1700. The Luxembourg-Ville main office (opposite the Railway station) is open Mon-Fri 0600-1900; Sat 0600-1200. Smaller offices may open for only a few hours. Telephone 49911 for details.